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78 Contoh Naskah Teater Modern 4 Orang

contoh naskah teater modern 4 orang

Contoh naskah-drama-4-orang-pemain

Jul 06, 2022 · Naskah Drama 4 Orang. Tema : Persahabatan / Friendship. Karakter : Cerie, Coki, Cinderella, Canera. Sebuah kisah yang terjadi disebuah sekolahan yang sangat terkenal bernama … 0

Contoh naskah-drama-4-orang-pemain

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Naskah drama 4 orang pemborosan

Oct 04, 2022 · Contoh naskah drama pendek untuk 4 orang tentang “Nasihat teman mengenai pentingnya pendidikan”. Judul : Nasehat Teman Tentang Pentingnya Pendidikan. Tema : … 2

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Naskah Drama Singkat 4 Orang Naskah Drama Singkat 4 Orang Tema Kejujuran

Naskah Drama Singkat 4 Orang Naskah Drama Singkat 4 Orang Tema Kejujuran 5

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Contoh Naskah Drama Modern 4 Orang - KK Rumahx

May 31, 2022 · Berdasarkan pertimbangan itu, selain sudah ada contoh naskah drama yang terdiri dari 6 pemeran yang berjudul Generasi Emas, dalam blog ini disajikan pula contoh naskah drama yang terdiri dari 4 orang pemain. Sebagai contoh dan pembanding jika ingin membuat dan memerankah teater … 7

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Contoh Cerpen Yang Diubah Menjadi Naskah Drama 4 Orang – Lukisan

Contoh Cerpen Yang Diubah Menjadi Naskah Drama 4 Orang – Lukisan 16

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Naskah Drama Singkat 4 Orang Perempuan - Berbagai Naskah 20

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Drama Untuk 4 Orang Tema Persahabatan Dan Cinta

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Contoh Teks Drama Singkat 4 Orang - Berbagai Teks Penting

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Contoh Drama 4 Orang Pemain - Miharu Hime

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Naskah teater

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Contoh Naskah Drama Singkat Tentang Persahabatan - Contoh Jol

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Naskah Drama Cinderella 9 Orang Pemain

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Contoh Naskah Teater Tradisional – Asia

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Contoh Naskah Drama 4 Orang Komedi - Aneka Macam Contoh

Contoh Naskah Drama 4 Orang Komedi - Aneka Macam Contoh 32

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learn English through story. CHAPTER ONE, 'Let's go to the cinema!', Today it is possible to buy or hire a video  and watch a film at home, but millions of  , people all over the world still prefer to go  to their town or city cinema for a 'night out'.  , And before television arrived in people's homes,  , a visit to the cinema was something  really special to look forward to., The 'golden age' of film-making - and going to  the cinema - was between about 1930 and 1950.  , Film stars seemed like kings and queens. Cinemas  were 'picture palaces' where, for the price of a  , ticket, you could enter into a magical world  where anything and everything was possible., In 1946, 1,650,000,000 cinema  tickets were sold in Great Britain.  , That's thirty-three tickets for every  man, woman and child in the country., And in the year 1939 - the year  when audiences first saw Cone With  , The Wind - 30,000 people were employed  by the big film studios in Hollywood.  , They made 400 films every year. Americans  called the moving pictures, 'the movies',  , and fifty million of them went to the cinema every  week. They wanted to see the magic of the movies!, But how did it all begin...?, CHAPTER TWO, In the beginning, The first moving pictures were simple  'shadow shows' or 'shadow plays'., Then came the magic lanterns which projected  painted glass slides on to a screen. These became  , very popular in Europe in the 18th century, and  lantern showmen travelled from village to village., But in the 1820s, Nicephore  Niepce invented photography,  , and soon photographs were used instead  of the much more expensive glass slides.  , But these were not movies. The pictures did not  move. To make moving pictures it is necessary  , to take a large number of photographs  very quickly, one after the other.  , Then, when the photographs are projected, the  person or animal in the picture appears to move., In 1878, the British photographer, Eadweard  Muybridge, who was living in California,  , fixed twelve cameras beside a racetrack and  took pictures of a racehorse - very quickly,  , one after the other. The American inventor,  Thomas Edison, watched the work of Muybridge  , with great interest. (Edison had invented the  phonograph - an early 'record player' - in 1877.)  , By 1890, William K. L. Dickson,  who was working with Edison,  , had managed to take 'moving pictures'  with something called the Kinetograph., In 1893 the world's first film studio was  built by Edison in West Orange, New Jersey.  , Actors from Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, and  Barnum and Bailey's Circus were filmed there.  , The films were shown in Kinetoscope machines.  These machines did not project the film on  , to a screen, they had 'peep-holes' that  one person at a time could look through., It was the Lumiere brothers, in France,  who invented a camera and projector in  , one - the Cinematographe. Now large audiences  could watch projected pictures on a screen.  , And because films were longer, people  were happy to pay more to see them., The Lumiere brothers gave the first performance  of their Cinematographe in Paris in 1895,  , in a room under the Grand Cafe, 14  boulevard des Capucines on 28th December.  , They borrowed a hundred chairs from  the cafe, but only thirty-five seats  , were sold at one franc each. But it  was the world's first 'film show'., Then Edison introduced the Vitascope  projector in New York on April 23, 1896.  , And by the end of that year, films were  flickering on screens all over Europe and America.  , (Films were often called 'flickers' or 'flicks'.), At first, people did not mind what they watched,  , it was exciting enough just to be able to see  real moving photographs of people and animals., But slowly films with stories began to appear,  and the Frenchman, Georges Melies, began to use  , clever photography to make strange things happen.  These were some of the first 'special effects'., Film fact, There was a bad accident in May 1897. A  Cinematographe show was part of the great  , Charity Bazaar in Paris. But the projectionist  was careless and the film caught fire. This  , started an even bigger fire, and 140 people died.  Many of them were very rich and important people., CHAPTER THREE, The cinema comes to Hollywood, How did Hollywood begin? A Kansas  couple, Harvey and Daidia Wilcox,  , came to Los Angeles in 1883, when there were  just orange and lemon farms in the area.  , Three years later, they owned fifty hectares  of land which they called Hollywood., The Wilcoxes sold the land, bit by bit, and the  first Hollywood studio was built in 1911 by the  , Nestor Company. The American filmmakers came  to California because the weather was good,  , and because the Californian  workers were cheap to employ.  , In 1913, Cecil B. DeMille came to Hollywood and  started what became known as Paramount Studios.  , Universal Studios started about the same time,  the Fox Company two years later (joining with  , 20th Century Pictures in 1935), United Artists  in 1919 and Warner Brothers, MGM, and Columbia  , in the early 1920s. If you wanted to 'get into  the movies', Hollywood was the place to go!, The first films were silent. The words  of the actors appeared on cards which  , were shown every twenty seconds or so.  Suitable music was played during the  , film by an orchestra, or by one person on a piano., Edwin S. Porter was the filmmaker who introduced  film 'editing' - cutting the film and putting it  , back together again with the shots in a different  order. This made the films more exciting to watch.  , His film, The Great Train Robbery  (1903), is a good example of this., Until 1910, audiences did not know the names of  their favourite actors and actresses. Actresses  , were given names like 'The Biograph Girl' or  'The Vitagraph Girl' or were not named at all.  , Carl Laemmle, chief of Independent Motion  Pictures (which later became Universal  , Studios) was the first to name a star, when  he employed Florence Lawrence. By 1913,  , every studio was naming its actors and actresses., CHAPTER FOUR, Famous faces, Although the first films were silent,  , during the years after 1910, going to the  cinema was becoming more and more popular., Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton  were busy making audiences laugh., Rudolph Valentino, an Italian actor, became  the 'great lover' of the silent screen,  , and millions of women sent him love letters  after films like The Four Horsemen of the  , Apocalypse and The Sheik (both 1921). Sadly,  he died in 1926 when he was only thirty-one., Douglas Fairbanks was the star of some of the best  , adventure films... and audiences  loved the beautiful Clara Bow., One very famous silent film was The Birth  of a Nation, directed by D. W. Griffith.  , It was first shown in 1915 and was almost three  hours long. It was about the American Civil War,  , and a lot of people who had never been  inside a cinema before came to see this film., The first 'serial' - a film shown a bit at  a time, usually one bit (or 'episode') each  , week - arrived in 1912. Audiences rushed  back each week to see the next episode.  , A favourite serial was The Perils of  Pauline (1914) starring Pearl White.  , Pearl had to fight Indians in one episode,  was pushed off the Rocky Mountains in another,  , and was blown up at sea in another. But she  always seemed to escape for another exciting day., Film fact, By 1916, Mary Pickford and Charlie  Chaplin were each earning $10,000 a year.  , By 1918, both had contracts for  more than $1 million a year., CHAPTER FIVE, The golden age, The golden age of the cinema began  with the talkies - when the actors  , on film were able to talk for the first time.  , In 1927, at New York's Warner Theatre, Al Jolson,  the Russian-born Hollywood actor and singer,  , spoke, and sang six songs in the Warner Brothers  film, The Jazz Singer. The first words that he  , spoke in the film were: 'You ain't seen  nothing yet!' The audiences loved him., At first there were many problems with  talking pictures. Microphones picked up  , the noises in the studio, directors had  to stop shouting orders to the actors,  , and the actors had to learn all their words., Some stars of the silent screen could  not make the change to 'talkies';  , audiences laughed at their funny voices. But the  deep, mysterious voice of silent star Greta Garbo  , was a great success when she appeared in Anna  Christie. The film magazines said: 'Garbo talks!'  , (She also made it fashionable for  women of the time to wear berets!)  , Garbo's career ended in 1942 when she left  Hollywood, saying that she would never act again., By 1930, all films were 'talkies',  and many actors and directors moved  , from the theatre into the cinema. Actors  like Edward G. Robinson, Spencer Tracey,  , Humphrey Bogart, Clark Gable and Bette  Davis began to appear on the screen., Musical films began to be popular in the 1930s.  Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers starred in Flying  , Down to Rio (1933). This was the first  of nine films which they made together., And then there were the fast-moving  crime films of James Cagney,  , Humphrey Bogart and Edward G. Robinson.  One of the best was The Roaring Twenties., The 1930s also introduced 'singing  cowboys' like Roy Rogers and Gene Autry.  , But it was the film Stagecoach,  directed by John Ford in 1939,  , which made a star of one of Hollywood's  most famous cowboys - John Wayne., The year 1939 was when audiences first  saw what is now sometimes described as  , the greatest film ever made: Gone With The  Wind, starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh.  , The book appeared in 1936 and sold  a million in the first six months.  , The film has earned more than $300 million,  and won eight Oscars (with the first one  , ever given to a black actress, Hattie  McDaniel, who played the part of 'Mammy')., Film fact, Alfred Hitchcock made the first  British talking picture in 1929.  , It was called Blackmail, and was  first written as a silent film.  , Hitchcock quickly added words and sound when he  saw how popular talking pictures were becoming., CHAPTER SIX, The 'star system', In 1932, Technicolor introduced a camera  which could produce 'natural' colours for  , the films that were shown in the cinemas.  Filming in Technicolor was expensive,  , but soon every kind of movie could be seen  for the first time 'In Glorious Technicolor.', The golden age of the cinema  continued through most of the 1940s.  , Audiences filled the 'picture palaces' in their  towns, enjoying exciting films like Citizen Kane,  , Casablanca and Double Indemnity, and musicals  like Meet Me in St Louis and Easter Parade. , learn english through story. During the Second World War, many people  , went to the cinema for another reason as well.  They could see the main film, but they could also  , see newsreels - films of the week's news - with  all the latest film and information about the war., At this time, actors worked for just one  company. This was known as the 'star system'.  , MGM Studios told everyone that it had 'more stars  than there are in heaven' working for them; stars  , like Judy Garland, Mickey Rooney, Jean Harlow,  Spencer Tracy, Clark Gable and Joan Crawford., Studios often chose or wrote stories  especially for their big stars., And sometimes a director would be  brought in from another studio to  , do a film because that star liked him, or  worked well with him. Or a cameraman would  , be brought in because he knew how to make  the star look his or her best on screen., The Academy Awards are given every year by the US  Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. They  , are called 'Oscars', and they are supposed to have  got their name because they looked like the Uncle  , Oscar of Margaret Herrick, a lady who worked in  the Academy film library. The first Awards were  , given in May, 1929, and the Oscars were awarded  for silent films only. In 1930, the award-giving  , was broadcast on the radio, and today it is seen  on TV by millions of people all over the world., Film fact, One star, Marlon Brando, was paid $2.25  million for ten days work on Superman  , (1978). He appears on the screen  for about ten minutes in the film., CHAPTER SEVEN, Bigger and better!, In the 1950s, people stopped going to the cinema  two or three times a week, and stayed at home to  , watch TV instead. The cinema queues got shorter,  and the film companies realized that they had to  , fight back. They tried to do this by making films  that looked as different as possible from TV., TV in the 1950s was in black-and- white, and  the pictures were shown on very small screens.  , So the cinema produced Cinemascope, which  made it possible to show films on a much  , wider screen than ever before, and, of course,  in colour. And 'big screens' meant 'big' films  , that looked good on a wide screen. Films  like The Robe (1953) and Ben Hur (1959)., Then came 3-D, where the pictures seemed  to jump off the screen at the audience., Warner Brothers had a success with House of  Wax in 1953, and there were nearly twenty  , more 3-D films shown in cinemas that year. Alfred  Hitchcock's Dial M for Murder (1954) was popular.  , But the people in the audience had to wear special  coloured glasses to see the effects of 3-D,  , and they soon became bored with having to do  this. And so the studios stopped making 3-D films., Cinerama films were popular for a short time,  but it needed three projectors and a bigger  , screen again to show them. People had to move  their heads from side to side to see what was  , happening at both ends of the screen! But  Cinerama films were very expensive to make,  , and it was difficult to put the  very big screens into most cinemas., The studios continued their fight with TV, but  television was becoming more and more popular.  , Then, in 1955, RKO studios needed money quickly  to stay alive, and they sold their films to  , television. Other studios soon began to do  the same and old films became popular on TV., But although the 'golden age' of the cinema  was finished, films continued to be made.  , And there were some big successes - like the  James Bond films From Russia with Love (1963),  , and Goldfinger (1964). There were popular  family films starring Julie Andrews - Mary  , Poppins (1965) and The Sound of Music (1965).  Then the 1970s brought The Godfather (1972),, Jaws (1975), Star Wars (1977) and Superman (1979).  In the 1980s, young people hurried to see E.T. The  , Extra- Terrestrial (1982), Ghosthusters (1984),  Back to the Future (1985) and Batman (1989)., And in the 1990s came Stephen Spielberg's  Jurassic Park (1993) with its wonderful  , special effects and exciting story. You can see  the video of Jurassic Park at home on your own  , television. But the special effects are much more  frightening on a big screen in a dark cinema., CHAPTER EIGHT, Animation, Mickey Mouse, Tom and Jerry, Popeye,  Rugs Bunny. All these famous cartoon  , characters began their lives  as simple pictures on paper., Cartoon characters are painted on to  sheets of clear film, called 'cels',  , so that the painted 'background' can be seen  through the unpainted parts of the cel. Then they  , are photographed. Each cel will have one picture,  and each picture will be a little different, to  , make the characters appear to move when they are  projected at twenty-four pictures every second., The characters must look and  sound the same in every film., Everybody recognizes the voice  of Bugs Bunny ('Eeh, what's up,  , Doc?'), spoken by Mel Blanc. Blanc also  gave the character the name 'Bugs'., The most famous producer of animated  films was Walt Disney. He introduced  , Mickey Mouse to audiences in 1928 in a  black-and- white cartoon, Plane Crazy.  , At first the mouse was called Mortimer,  but then the name was changed to Mickey., learn english through story., Disney also produced the first Walt Disney  colour cartoon, Flowers and Trees (1932),  , and the first animated feature film,  Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.  , More followed: Pinocchio, Fantasia, Dumbo, Bambi,  Cinderella, The Sleeping Beauty, 101 Dalmatians,  , The Jungle Book, Aladdin, The Lion King,  Pocahontas and The Hunchback of Notre Dame., Walt Disney studied at the  Kansas City Art Institute.  , He made animated cartoons for the  Kansas City Film Ad Company before  , going off to Hollywood and starting a  company with his brother Roy in 1923., In the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (1988),  , cartoon characters and real  actors appear together., Today, more and more animators  are using computers, instead  , of employing people to do all the painting., Some animators use marquettes (models) instead  of pictures, and bend the model's arms and legs,  , or change its face, to make the character 'move'.  Creature Comforts, produced by Aardman Animations,  , who use models in all their films,  won an Oscar for best animation., CHAPTER NINE, Behind the camera, A lot of people are needed to make a film,  as well as the actors and actresses. They  , are all the other people whose names appear  at the beginning or end of a film. Some of  , them have strange-sounding jobs like 'Best Boy'  or 'Key Grip'. Let's look at just some of them., Producer - the person who chooses which film  to make, who gets the money needed to make it,  , and who takes care of all the business problems., Director - the person who decides  how to 'shoot' (or film) each scene,  , and who controls all the actors and other  people who are helping to make the film.  , The director is the one who shouts  'Action!' when he or she is ready.  , One piece of film which is filmed without  stopping the camera is called a 'take'., Screenwriter - the person who writes  the screenplay or script of a film.  , Sometimes many screenwriters are employed  before a director is happy with a screenplay.  , And when a book is made into a  film, it is not usually the writer  , of the book who writes the screenplay. A  screenwriter is usually given this job., Editor - the person who 'cuts' and  then puts together the film after  , the filming has finished, and  makes it into the final movie., Set Designer - the person who arranges the  furniture and scenery needed in the film.  , The designer often plans by making models of  the scenery before working on the final set., Wardrobe Designer - the person who  designs or chooses the clothes that  , the actors wear in the film. These are  often got from special companies who keep  , every kind of film and theatre  clothes that you can think of., Gaffer - the lights and  lighting chief in the studio., Best Boy - the Gaffer's assistant., Key Grip - the person who moves the camera around., Boom Operator - the person who  moves the microphone above the  , heads of the actors when they are speaking., Film facts, In the film, Cleopatra, made in 1963,  , 26,000 costumes were used. But 32,000 were  used to make the film Quo Vadis in 1951., Warner Brothers paid $5 million to American  writer, Tom Wolfe, to make the film of his book,  , Bonfire of the Vanities (1990), starring Tom  Hanks, Melanie Griffith and Bruce Willis., CHAPTER TEN, Inside or outside?, In the very early years of the cinema,  almost all filming was done outside.  , Today, filming is done 'on location' when  it is impossible to build a real city,  , or a mountain or something, inside the  studio. Also, some directors prefer to  , film on location. It is then that the  cameras go out into the real world., All of some films are shot on  location, but others have only  , short outside scenes to join with the  scenes that are shot in the studio., As an example, suppose it is important to  show a policeman arriving at an office on  , Fifth Avenue, in New York, and meeting  a businesswoman inside the building.  , A location film crew will 'shoot' the  policeman getting out of a taxi on Fifth  , Avenue and walking into the office building.  But the scene where he meets the businesswoman  , in the office will be filmed inside a  studio, perhaps days or weeks later., All studios have large 'stages' where the sets are  built. One of the biggest in the world is at the  , British studios of Pinewood in Buckinghamshire,  where one of the stages is 102 metres long., Sets are sometimes used for more than one film,  , and this was very true for cowboy films  that were made in the 1920s and 1930s.  , Then, a Hollywood studio often made thirty or  forty of them in a year, and the street where the  , cowboys had their final gunfight often appeared  in film after film, with only small changes., Film facts, The largest number of locations  used in a Hollywood film was 140,  , for Around the World in 80 Days (1956)., The largest number of cameras used  for a single scene was forty-eight  , for the sea battle in the 1925 film of Ben Hur., CHAPTER ELEVEN, Special effects, Special effects are used when it  is too difficult, too dangerous,  , or too expensive to do something in the usual way.  , They are used to make the audience think that they  are seeing something which they really are not., For example, small models of towns or  buildings are very useful. In films,  , when you see a house catch fire, a plane crash, or  a bomb blow up a ship, you are probably watching a  , model house, plane and ship. But you do not  realize this when you see it on the film., The big dinosaurs in the film Jurassic  Park (1993) were not real, of course!  , Lots of models were made of each of them., Today, computers are used more and more in special  effects, making the impossible seem possible., The first 'special effect' happened  in the film The Execution of Mary,  , Queen of Scots, which was made  in the Edison studios in 1895.  , The audience appear to see Queen Mary's head  being cut off, but the director stopped the  , camera and changed the actress for a dummy,  whose head was cut off in the next shot., CHAPTER TWELVE, Stunts and make-up, Stuntmen and stuntwomen are used when something  is too difficult or too dangerous for the actor  , to do. Every stunt is carefully planned before  filming, and must be as safe as possible., They wear the same clothes  and make-up as the star,  , and are usually filmed so that  their faces are not seen clearly., They wear special clothes that will not catch fire  if they are to be filmed in a 'burning' building  , (although often there is more smoke than  fire, and the fire is carefully controlled)., Stuntmen often wear padding under their clothes  so that they do not hurt themselves when they fall  , from something like a horse or a moving car. learn english through story., Guns are not real guns, and knives are  usually made of rubber so that they will  , bend when somebody is hit. Stuntmen who fall from  buildings will fall onto something soft (which you  , won't see in the final film, of course!).  The important thing is that it looks real., Some stars do their own stunts, although film  companies would prefer that they didn't. The  , director doesn't want his star to get  hurt - it's too expensive for the film!  , Mel Gibson did all his own stunts in  Mad Max Beyond the Thunderdrome (1985)., The make-up artist can change a nice-looking  actor into something very frightening... or a  , beautiful young actress into an old woman.  It took eight-and-a half hours each day to  , change the actress Francesca Annis into a  100-year-old woman in the 1982 film Krull., Rubber masks are made for the actor to wear when  it is necessary to make very big changes to their  , face. Wigs, beards, moustaches, false eyelashes  - all these things help to make a 'character'., It is even possible to make  a man look like a woman!, CHAPTER THIRTEEN, Picture palaces, The greatest of all the 'picture palaces'  built in the 1920s and 1930s was the  , Roxy Cinema in New York. It cost $12  million to build and had 6214 seats.  , Three hundred people worked at the cinema, with  sixteen projectionists and 110 musicians. It also  , had a hundred singers, and a group of dancers to  keep the audience happy - and its own hospital!  , The Roxy opened in March 1927  and closed in March 1960., Most of the cinemas in the big cities  seemed like palaces to the film-goer.  , Inside were comfortable seats,  thick carpets and coloured lights., There was often a restaurant, and sometimes  a dance floor, too. Some American cinemas  , had creches where mothers could leave their  babies while they went to watch the film., A man or woman played a cinema organ while  audiences waited for the film to begin.  , The organ came up out of the  floor as the music started., Film fact, The drive-in cinema became popular  in the early 1950s in America - very  , popular with young people! More than 4000  drive-ins opened between 1948 and 1956., CHAPTER FOURTEEN, What happens next?, Today, cinema audiences are much  smaller (and usually younger) than  , the audiences of the 'golden age'.  Many of the 'picture palaces' are  , now 'multi-screen' cinemas with four or  five small cinemas inside one building., Today's films appear on video, and then on TV,  after they have been seen by cinema audiences., But some old films don't look so good on  TV. Cowboy films are an example of this. The  , wonderful scenery in films like How the West Was  Won needs a large screen to show it at its best.  , Television can't do it. For many people, the  cinema is still the only place to watch a film., One of the cinema's newest ideas is IMAX  projection. A screen 19 metres high and 15  , metres wide, and excellent sound, makes an  audience feel that they are 'really there'., IMAX DOME theatres have a big, 30  metre screen which puts the audience  , right in the centre of everything  that is happening in the film., And with IMAX 3D, people find  themselves reaching out to try  , and touch what they can see, it is so real!, There are nearly 150 IMAX theatres in  different countries all over the world,  , and more are being built every year., So this is cinema today., And as Al Jolson said in The Jazz Singer,  , 'You ain't seen nothing yet!' learn english through story.

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